Estimating costs and benefits on crop production

a simplified guide for small holder farmers in Ethiopia

Publisher: Sida"s Regional Land Management Unit in Nairobi, Kenya

Written in English
Published: Pages: 41 Downloads: 546
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Edition Notes

Statement[Takele Zegeye].
SeriesTechnical report ;, no. 24, Technical report (Sweden. Regional Land Management Unit) ;, no. 24.
ContributionsZegeye, Takele., Sweden. Regional Land Management Unit.
The Physical Object
Paginationix, 41 p. ;
Number of Pages41
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6814207M
ISBN 109966896503
LC Control Number00283535
OCLC/WorldCa45248418

USDA has estimated annual production costs and returns and published accounts for major field crop and livestock enterprises since Cost and return estimates are reported for the United States and major production regions for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, grain sorghum, rice, peanuts, oats, barley, milk, hogs, and cow-calf. These cost and return accounts are "historical" . hand, accurate estimation of crop yields at the county level has always been more difficult for the following reasons: 1) lack of reliable administrative data, 2) tendency of crop yields to fluctuate over time, and 3) lack of adequate survey data. County yield estimates are scrutinized heavily by crop insurance firms and other data users. Prior toFile Size: 1MB. Key Words: cost of nutrients, crop production, dietary costs, livestock production, value of meat, vegan, vegetarian In her bestselling book Food in History, Reay Tannahill begins, “ years there has been a steady undercurrent of antagonism between vegetarians and meat-eaters” (Tannahill , p. 1). Production Cost Insurance Example. A farmer’s financial history indicates his variable input costs averaged $ per acre. This amount is automatically covered by his basic PCI policy. He expects his fixed costs for the crop year to total $ per acre, and he chooses an enhanced PCI coverage level of $ per acre.

also interviewed on costs and benefits accruing to certified bean seed production. All costs and benefits were standardised to hectare level. The net margins were used for the analysis. Percentages were used to analyse the share (computed as a percentage of the total variable costs) of each cost item in the total variable costs. Economic analysis of agricultural projects (English) Abstract. Increasing the growth and efficiency of the agricultural and rural sectors of the developing countries is of prime concern to the international community. The large quantities of scarce resources, both people and money, that will be required for progress Cited by: To avoid the cultivation of energy crops at the expense of food crops, a great deal of research has explored the potential for cultivating perennial, cellulosic crop species on marginal lands where traditional food crops are likely to fail (Mehmood et al., ).While yields on marginal lands can be lower than on prime cropland, many researchers have found that it is possible to .   Estimating the amount of crop residue to harvest. If your average yield for continuous corn yield is bu/acre, approximately 5 ton/acre of crop residue are produced (1 ton / 40 bu X bu). If more crop residue is needed for water erosion control, for example ton/acre/year, compared with wind erosion control or other constraints, than.

  C.9 Further reading and information sources Many readers of this book will obtain all they need on the valuation of environmental costs and benefits from the relatively brief book OECD () (written by Winpenny), and those needing deeper discussion will miss little by restricting themselves to Hanley and Spash () and Winpenny () (full. Downloadable (with restrictions)! The abatement of ammonia (NH3) and particulate matter (PM) emissions in agriculture reduces damages to human health and biodiversity and provides benefits for society, but also imposes costs on farmers. As NH3 and PM emissions partly originate from the same activities as greenhouse gases, interactions may exist between NH3 and PM . Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa – The estimated costs of corn, corn silage, soybeans, alfalfa, and pasture maintenance in this report are based on data from several sources. They include the annual Iowa Farm Business Association record summaries, production and costs data from the Departments ofFile Size: 77KB.

Estimating costs and benefits on crop production Download PDF EPUB FB2

ESTIMATING COSTS OF PRODUCTION by James C. Wade, Lew Daugherty, Russell Tronstad1 T his article describes some of the basics on how cost estimates are determined for The University of Arizona, Cooperative Extension Field and Vegetable Crop Budgets (Wade, et al.). An example for growing red chiles in the Kansas Settlement area of Cochise county File Size: KB.

Costs include labour, investment and depreciation, but do not include management costs, nor do they necessarily represent the average cost of production in Manitoba.

These budgets may be adjusted by putting in your own figures. As a producer you are encouraged to calculate your own costs of production for various crops.

On each farm, costs and. Estimating costs of crop production for will be extremely difficult. Some farmers have received forwarding pricing, some set a quantity only and still others will use the spot market.

The price consequences of these decisions are substantial. Foreign competition for material, the. The estimated costs of corn, corn silage, soybean, alfalfa and pasture maintenance in this report are based on data from several sources. They include the annual Iowa Farm Business Association record summaries, production and costs data from the Departments of Economics, Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, and Agronomy at Iowa State University and a.

Pre-production costs for the cocoa plantation 80 United States corn production costs and returns per planted acre, excluding government payments in USD, 89 Average production costs and returns of corn in the Philippines (January-June ) 89 FIGURESFile Size: 1MB.

Estimating costs is easy in some instances and more difficult in others. Assigning costs is more straightforward for those inputs or raw materials you purchase for a single production period. If you use 20 pounds of fresh tomato seed an acre at $ per pound, your seed cost is $16 (the seed quantity multiplied by its price).

Costs for. A review of methods for estimating yield and production impacts Andrew Dorward and Ephraim Chirwa December Summary This paper documents methodological lessons from experience in estimating yield and incremental production benefits from the Malawi Farm Input Subsidy Programme (FISP).

Estimating the Costs and Benefits of Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change Adaptations addressing crop disease, water storage measures and managed coastal realignment generated more modest values ranging from £1 million to £61 million.

Both costs and benefits are characterised by levels of uncertainty pertaining to the nature and Cited by: 1. Estimating US Crop Yields From both the NASS survey and remote sensing perspectives United States Department of Agriculture mid-January Crop Production Summary. Plant counts vs yield y = x - - 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, Guidelines for Estimating Forage Seed Production Costs encouraged to calculate your own costs of production for various forage seed crops.

On Nurse Crop Revenue) / Number of Seed Production Years. Alfalfa Establishment Cost (with Wheat nurse crop) = ($ - $) = $ / 4 = $ per acre. Overhead is hidden costs not easily accounted for in an operation. These costs are usually related to overall expenses of managing a business and not directly related to a specific crop enterprise (i.e.

tools in a shop, heating the shop, etc.). Usually overhead costs range from 15 to 50% of a budget. The partial budget is the best budget. Estimating the benefits and costs of planned or unplanned, ongoing or future, water reuse projects is not without challenges. In additional to the common difficulties of applying cost benefits.

Estimating Production Costs •Itemize the receipts (income) received for a crop – Yield and Price •List the inputs and production practices required by a crop •Evaluate the efficiency of farm enterprises •Estimate benefits and costs for major changes in production practices •Not an exact science it is an estimate – drought, disease etc.

Estimating Costs of Production Double Crop, Non-Irrigated, Roundup Ready AG C. Robert Stark, Jr., Associate Professor-Agriculture Economics UA Cooperative Extension Service/UAM Division of Agriculture _____. Efficiency refers to the ability to do a task quickly and accurately, saving the business both time and money.

When the right type of model is chosen, the business can realize gains from efficiency by using cost estimation to quickly calculate expenses and make choices on funding projects, choosing suppliers and other activities.

Improved data on costs and returns facilitate more accurate assessments of financial risks associated with agricultural production, reducing some of the asymmetric information that causes banks and insurers to set high service prices and/or tight supply conditions in sectors, such as agriculture, characterized by high risks and adverse selection.

production of crops using segmented linear regression. Given the importance of agriculture to India’s overall economy, there is a huge incentive to develop systems capable of estimating the crop production for a given season and a given geographic location.

We intend to address this exact issue in this work. 3 Approach. Ground Data Only Systems for Crop Area Estimation Ground surveys have long been the underpinning of estimates of crop area and production.

An early paper [Huddleston, H., ] which documented sampling and estimation strategies for crop forecasting and estimation is still very relevant Size: KB.

Estimating Costs of Production Wheat Following Rice, Sand/Silt Loam Soils AG Scott Stiles, Instructor/Extension Economist Jason. A partial budget would be the most useful type of budget for estimating a) the amount of borrowing needed for the next year b) the breakeven price needed to cover all costs of cotton production c) labor needed on the farm during the next year d) the change in profit from installing an irrigation system on one field.

Parametric estimating: For projects that involve similar tasks with high degrees of repeatability, use a parametric estimating technique to create highly accurate estimates using unit costs. To use parametric estimating, first divide a project into units of work. Then, you must determine the cost per unit, and then multiply the number of units.

Pesticides are an integral component of US agriculture and account for about % of total farm production costs (Aspelin and Grube, ). Pesticide use in the United States averaged over billion pounds of active ingredient inand was associated with expenditures exceeding $ billion; this use involved o products and more than active ingredients.

Energy crop production costs in the EU. crop production costs when estimating the cost of land in terms of the net gross marg in of. and those generating more general benefits (e.g., soil. ESTIMATION OF PRODUCTION AND COST FUNCTION For practical decision-making purposes it is necessary to obtain estimates of production and cost functions.

In econ Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. ESTIMATING CROP PRODUCTION Crop growing is the main activity of farming households and forms the biggest part of the income they earn. An important part of the work of an enumerator is therefore to obtain information about the quantities of crops that are harvested.

There are many ways of estimating crop production and yields, but as. some grain production is included, the cost drops to almost $/acre. It should be noted that there are many other acreage/crop mixes that could be incorporated to spread the fixed costs of these technologies over as many acres as possible.

Zone Cost of production Returns above specified costs Cost of production Returns above Cited by: 4. Uses and benefits of cost production statitistics 9 3. Outputs, indicators and analytical framework 18 to build or to adapt existing programs for estimating agricultural costs of production, and for analysts to understand the nature and limitations of data The Handbook on Agricultural Cost of Production Statistics, referredFile Size: 1MB.

This study assesses the costs and benefits of planting Aquilaria spp. for agarwood production integrated with banana (Musa spp.) on commercial plantation and planting Aquilaria spp. as a mono crop. It focuses on developing plantation system, followed by estimating the costs and benefits for the species planted.

Based on theFile Size: KB. Data were obtained form / crop season. The initial costs and technology card of the crop were used to calculate the costs and benefits of crop farming. During the project we have visited and conducted a survey from farmers who were supported with irrigation system by the Size: KB.

Cost of production is the dollar value of all your inputs for growing a specific crop. For example, to produce an acre of corn, these inputs would include all costs including seed, fertilizer, chemic. The analysis was based on quantitative estimates of the programme’s benefits, in terms of increased crop and livestock production, continued education (by preventing drop-out due to hunger and inability to pay school fees) and a reduction in .Full greenhouse gas (GHG) life-cycle analysis of bio-energy production chains is often constrained by a lack of information on pre-harvest GHG costs and emissions during production of the energy crop.

In this paper, we assessed pre-harvest GHG costs of production of short rotation coppice (SRC), Miscanthus and oil seed rape (OSR: for liquid bio-fuel production) when Cited by: Over time, using production rate cost estimating provides the cost estimator with a better understanding and skills to perform a “top-down” cost estimate.

On a factored cost estimate for example, a skilled cost estimator can extract a high level of total man-hours required on the project, the high level of construction equipment cost, etc.